Nutrition and Health Conditions

Cancer Prevention

Enlist These Foods to Help Prevent Cancer
Plant foods, which contain antioxidants, may help reduce your risk for many cancers. Try to eat two to three servings of fruit, three to five servings of vegetables and at least six servings of whole grains every day. Be sure to make room on your plate for the following nutrition-packed foods.
On the Barbecue, Charred Is Barred
Researchers have found that cooking muscle meats -- beef, pork, poultry and fish -- at high temperatures may pose a risk for cancer.
Phytochemicals, Antioxidants, and Omega-3 Fatty Acids for Cancer Prevention
Eating lots of brightly colored fruits and vegetables, whole grains and cereals, and beans containing phytochemicals may decrease the risk of developing cancer, diabetes, hypertension, and heart disease.
Fruits and Veggies Matter
This national program encourages Americans to eat more fruits and vegetables, aiming for five to nine servings a day.
Choose My Plate
The My Plate plan can help you eat a variety of foods while encouraging the right amount of calories and fat.

Diabetes

Facts About Diabetes
Diabetes affects the way the body metabolizes, or uses, digested food to make glucose, the main source of fuel for the body.
Type 2 Diabetes
A person with type 2 diabetes either can't make enough insulin or can't properly use it.
Healthy Cooking Tips for People with Diabetes
Steam vegetables in low-fat broth or water, and use vegetable oil spray instead of oil, shortening, or butter.
Controlling Type 2 Diabetes With a Healthy Lifestyle
A healthy lifestyle will help you attain and maintain a healthy weight, manage your blood glucose level, lower blood pressure if you have high blood pressure, reduce stress and improve your mood.
Sodium and People with Diabetes
People with diabetes are encouraged to limit the sodium in their diets to help prevent or to control high blood pressure.
Alcohol Use and People with Diabetes
Alcohol can lower blood sugar levels to the point of hypoglycemia. Keep careful track of your blood sugar levels when drinking alcohol, because certain diabetes medications also lower blood glucose levels.

Heart Disease and High Blood Pressure

Making Changes to Avoid Heart Disease
Your heart is a vital organ that keeps your body functioning. Unfortunately, many people don't treat it that way. They may not realize that their daily habits and lifestyle can overwork and damage their heart. So, take care of your heart and yourself. Start by making the following lifestyle changes.
Atherosclerosis
Atherosclerosis is a type of arteriosclerosis caused by a build-up of plaque in the inner lining of an artery.
Diet and Cardiovascular Disease
The Choose My Plate plan from the federal government is a guideline to help you eat a healthy diet.
High Blood Pressure/Hypertension
High blood pressure, or hypertension, increases the risk for coronary heart disease (heart attack) and stroke (brain attack).
Managing Hypertension with the DASH Diet
A study in the New England Journal of Medicine showed that following the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet reduced blood pressure. This diet is low in saturated fat, cholesterol and total fat and emphasizes fruits, vegetables and low-fat dairy products.
Cholesterol in the Blood
The cholesterol in your blood comes from the foods you eat and your liver—but your liver makes all of the cholesterol your body needs.
Lower Your Cholesterol
High cholesterol contributes to heart disease, which kills more Americans than all cancers combined.
Prevention of Heart Disease Starts in Childhood
You may think of heart disease as a problem for adults, not your young children. But diet and exercise habits started in childhood can begin a lifetime of heart health, or a lifetime of heart damage.
Preventing Cardiovascular Diseases
Living a healthier lifestyle can help prevent heart disease. Don't smoke, eat a heart-healthy diet, and get regular exercise.

High Cholesterol

Cholesterol in the Blood
The cholesterol in your blood comes from the foods you eat and your liver—but your liver makes all of the cholesterol your body needs.
Lower Your Cholesterol
High cholesterol contributes to heart disease, which kills more Americans than all cancers combined.
Metabolic Syndrome
Most people who have metabolic syndrome have insulin resistance. This may be a beginning of the development of type 2 diabetes.
Calculating Calories and Fat Grams
Here's a formula to help you figure out how many calories and fat grams you need each day to maintain your current weight.
Lowering Cholesterol: Lifestyle Changes
People with a strong genetic predisposition to high cholesterol need medication to control cholesterol. But a lot of us don't.
All About Cholesterol-Lowering Drugs
According to the American Heart Association, there are five main types of cholesterol-lowering medications.
Components of Food
When trying to make heart-healthy changes to your lifestyle and diet, it is helpful to know some basics about nutrition.

Osteoporosis

The Healthy-Bones Diet
The right amount of calcium in your diet helps maintain your bone strength, reducing your risk for osteoporosis.
Debunking 10 Aging Myths
Many older Americans lead healthy, interesting, and productive lives well into their later years. But that’s not what we usually hear about.
Osteoporosis
Osteoporosis causes a loss of bone mass and destruction of bone tissue. The bones most often affected are the hips, spine, and wrists.
Osteoporosis: Evaluate Your Risk
Many people are unaware they have osteoporosis until they have advanced symptoms, which may include a broken hip or wrist, low back pain or a hunched back.